The Battle for Berlin 1945 - History
The battle began at 05.00 a.m. on monday 16 april 1945.
The defence of the capital of the Third Reich from the Red Army had been entrusted to the Armies Group of Vistola commanded by General Heinrici and consisted of the exhausted and battle-weary 3th and 9th Army. Troops recruited at random and badly equipped had been assigned to the the defence of the inland town, even if the Heinrici's plan of battle was, without Hitler knowing it, to avoid fighting in the town in order to avoid further suffering of the population who were already exhausted owing to allied bombing. The Berlin's fortifications were inadequate while the soviet steamroller which was about to attack Berlin consisted of 180 divisions and many of these were armed divisions supported by a powerful air force.
The battle which at first might seem like the battle of Stalingrad was very different because the Red Army made use of a large quantity of armored vehicles and battleplanes while the Berlin's fortifications were prepared too late, besides the battle of Berlin lasted only two weeks. Hitler killed himself in the bunker of Cancellery on the afternoon of 30 april 1945.
After two days the Berlin's garrison commanded by general Weidling surrendered. The Wehrmacht lost 400.000 men in this battle while the soviet losses were 300.000 men. Germany surrendered on 7 may 1945.
Prague, occupied by Wehrmacht, rose against german forces and was the last town in Europe to surrendered at 8 may 1945.
The war in Europe had finished.